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学术讲座
台湾政治大学何万顺教授讲座通知
作者:  日期:2019-5-10

主讲:何万顺 (台湾政治大学语言学研究所 特聘教授)

题目Unifying Sortal Classifiers and Plural Markers: A Case Study of Chinese and English

时间2019521日下午3:00-4:30

地点:南京大学仙林校区文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主持:罗琼鹏 (南京大学文学院 副教授)

主讲人简介

  何万顺教授1978年毕业于台湾东海大学,获得英语文学学士学位,1990年毕业于美国夏威夷大学,获得语言学博士学位。何万顺教授历任台湾政治大学语言学研究所助理教授、副教授、教授、兼任所长等职务,现任该所特聘教授(2008至今)。何万顺教授主要研究汉语句法学、语言类型学等。近年来主要关注自然语言数词系统的语法。曾在Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, SyntaxLinguisticsLinguaLanguage and Linguistics等知名刊物上发表论文多篇。他还是Taiwan Journal of Linguistics(台湾语言学刊)的创刊主编之一。

摘要

  The conventioanl view is that sortal classifiers (CL) serve the function of categorization, while plural markers (PM) mark plurality. In this talk I explore the dissenting view that the two can be unified under one category, which predicts their complementary distribution (Greenberg 1990, Borer 2005, Borer & Ouwayda 2010), with a focus on Chinese and English. A mathematical foundation is provided, i.e., CL and PM function similarly as a multiplicand, or more accurately ×1, e.g., san ge pingguo (3 CL apple) = three apple-s = [3×1APPLE] (Her 2012a). This predicts that languages with overt CL/PM should have numerals with a multiplicative base, e.g., [3×102], san-bai in Chinese and three hundred in English. Having confirmed this as a statistical implicational universal, we then investigate CL/PM’s complementary distribution in NP. By cross-referencing Gil’s (2013) database of classifier languages and Haspelmath’s (2013) database on plural-marking languages, 22 languages have both CL and PM; among them, 10 allow CL/PM co-occurrence in NP and thus present potential counterevidence. We contend that two kinds of PMs should be recognized: morphosyntactic vs. morphosemantic. Morphosyntactic PMs engage in number agreement with the predicate, but morphosemantic PMs do not. As expected, none of the 10 languages has morphosyntactic PMs. For the unification of CL and morphosyntactic PM, we propose an abstract morpheme /×1/ in Chinese and English, and their difference is parameterized in terms of the allomorph selection strategy: a meaning-based strategy in Chinese vs. a sound-based strategy in English.


主办:南京大学文学院  南京大学人文基金

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