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学术讲座
“语言学前沿”系列讲座及“程度与语法”学术研讨会
作者:  日期:2019-3-12

南京大学文学院语言学之周

语言学前沿系列讲座

2019313-15



讲座1

时间:2019313日(星期三)下午3:30-5:00

地点:文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主讲:Christopher D. Kennedy教授

(美国芝加哥大学语言学系William H. Colvin讲座教授)

题目:Two faces of bare quantification: Split scope and summative existentials

摘要:It is generally thought that quantificational expressions in natural language are relational:  a quantificational determiner, for example, composes first with an expression that defines its domain of quantification (its “restriction”), and second with an expression that defines the condition that the relevant quantity of objects in its domain of quantification must satisfy (its “scope”).  Szabo (2011), however, argues that natural language includes “bare” quantifiers: expressions that combine directly with their scope, and do not have restrictions, like the quantifiers of predicate logic. In this talk, I present two semantic analyses of numerals and related quantity expressions as bare quantifiers, a “Fregean” semantics as second-order properties of individuals, and a “de-Fregean” semantics as second-order properties of degrees. I show that the latter denotation provides an account of “split-scope” phenomena like the underlined part of (1), while the former is required to account for the interpretation of “summative existentials” in the underlined part of (2).

(1) They sought no friends amongst the neighbors, despising them all.

(= It is false that they tried to find friends among the neighbors.)

(2) If they are thrown into the air, there can be three results: head-head, head-tail, tail-tail.

(= Three things are such that they are possible results.)

I conclude with some speculations about how the two bare quantifier denotations for numerals (and their kin) can be derived from a single, more basic denotation.


讲座2

时间:2019314日(星期四)下午2:00-3:30

地点:文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主讲:林若望教授(台湾中央研究院语言学研究所特聘研究员、所长)

题目:的相关问题研究

摘要:本文在前人的研究基础上,进一步分析出现在名词后的的句法分布和语义解释问题。本文提出是个句法上的虚范畴中心语,并且词类选择(C-select)DP名词短语为其补足语,也就是在语意上选择类别<e>或是类别<<e,t>t>DP名词短语为其补足语,因而排除与语义类别为<e,t> NP名词短语或是数量名词短语共现。同时本文也解释为何有些泛指句允许的出现,有的又不允许,以及和无定量化词的共现为何会有主宾语不对称现象。


讲座3

时间:2019314日(星期四)下午3:30-5:00

地点:文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主讲:Niina Zhang(张宁)教授(台湾中正大学语言学研究所讲座教授)

题目:謂語魂錯位


讲座4

时间:2019315日(星期五)下午2:30-4:00

地点:文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主讲:Andrew Koontz-Garboden教授(英国曼彻斯特大学语言学及英语系教授)

题目:Two Types of States: A Cross-linguistic Study of Change-of-State Verb Roots


讲座5

时间:2019315日(星期五)晚上7:00-8:30

地点:文学院二楼活水轩报告厅

主讲:Louise McNally教授(西班牙庞培法布拉大学教授)

题目:Multi-level syntax for multi-level semantics

摘要: Ladusaw (1985) distinguished between multi-stratal syntactic frameworks -- those with multiple representations using a single theoretical vocabulary -- and multi-level syntactic frameworks -- those with representations using different theoretical vocabularies. Frameworks using only syntactic trees coupled with movement are an example of the former; Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG), with its use of both Functional Structure and Constituent Structure, is an example of the latter. In this talk, which reports on incipient work, I explore the possibility of hooking up a multi-level semantics to a multi-level syntax with characteristics that are, in very general terms, similar to those of LFG. The multi-level semantics described here is distinct in nature from two-dimensional semantics in philosophy of language and multi-dimensional meaning representations in circulation since Potts (2005); it is closer in spirit to the intuition behind the Relevance Theoretic distinction between conceptual and procedural meaning. Its central tenet is that distinct representational languages should be used to model and compose interpretations for non-referential descriptive expressions, on the one hand, and for referential expressions (as I will define them in the talk), on the other. I will close by offering various reasons why I think such a semantics is worth exploring.




程度与语法:东亚语言的视角国际学术研讨会

2019316-17

南京大学仙林校区,文学院2楼,活水轩


会议日程


会议手册(扫描二维码下载)

(或点击下载 https://pan.baidu.com/s/1AyaIY4nBX3xn3OFo8R6_Bg  提取码: diic )

组织者:

罗琼鹏(会议召集人),南京大学

解志国,俄亥俄州立大学

李晓,纽约城市大学皇后学院


主办方:

南京大学文学院

南京大学中国语言战略中心


欢迎大家光临!


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